The Element of Function

The Element of Function

element of function

Marcus Vitruvius, the pioneering Roman architect, belonging to Julius Caesar’s time 1st century BC, and the most revered codifier of architectural principles asserts in De architectural, that any structure.

Marcus Vitruvius, the pioneering Roman architect, belonging to Julius Caesar’s time (1st century BC), and the most revered codifier of architectural principles asserts in De architectural, that any structure must be founded upon the three qualities of ‘firmitas, utilitas, venustas’, meaning it must be durable, functional, and aesthetic.

Functionalism-Its Purpose & Importance
Functionalism has been the guiding principle of architecture since its founding days. The aphorism “form follows function” is considered a litmus test for any building. This means that every building should be designed according to the purpose it’s going to serve. This statement is not very self-evident, and is a subject of great confusion. Many times, it takes a controversial dimension among practicing architecture professionals, particularly in connection to modern architecture. However, one can’t deny the very practicality of the fact that people want more buildings that are livable and less that would serve as tombs, no matter how magnificent.

The Style of Functionalists
Functionalists make a deliberate attempt at eliminating superfluous features. Their entire focus harbors upon efficient development of operational spaces. They are of the idea that fulfilling functional aspects will inherently emanate a natural architectural beauty. The design revolved around exposing and clarifying building spaces, while discarding embellishments. Ornamentation is regarded a crime.

In French architect Le Corbusier’s words, “A building is a machine to live in.” He is one of the most prominent and pioneering modernist architects. This idea went on to be followed by his successors and a new architectural style called the International Style was evolved. This new style flourished and reached all corners of the globe through the 20th century. Making heavy and super efficient use of building materials like glass, steel, aluminum, brick infill and concrete, it was adopted in building corporate landmarks across all metropolitan cities in the world.

Top Global Functional Buildings
Most top corporations have their buildings, at least the headquarters, built in the International Style. IBM, General Motors, HSBC, Bank of America, Phillip Morris, CBS, AT&T, Citicorp, Seagram’s, etc have all fashioned their buildings in this current. New York City probably has the highest concentration of these buildings. The twin towers of the yesteryear’s World Trade Centre and the UN Headquarters are two very prominent prototypes of functionalism. In fact, every metropolis in the world has its landmark buildings made this way.

Corporate towers apart, the functional International Style have been incorporated in building massive number of housing apartments. Even churches have been built accordingly. The Chapel of St. Basil (Houston) and Crystal Cathedral (California) are good examples of it. So much so, even museums, art galleries, and convention centers have widely been built upon this design philosophy.

Functionalism Vocalists
Chicago based architect, Louis Sullivan, another pioneer and probably the most vocal of all functionalists, held the belief that the size of a building, it’s massing, spatial grammar and every other characteristic should be singularly decided by the function it is proposed to serve. German architect, Ludwig Mies, needs special mention for his contribution to functionalism. He brought about radical simplification to styles of the previous eras. He advocated that God is in the details and put in everything to get the best out of a simple design. He believed that true architecture is always objective and built designs upon the acronym “less is more.”

Functionalism Hijacked
Despite the numerous advantages and worldwide popularity, it also needs to be seen that numerous towers of the International Style, built under the strict codes of functionalism, that were fashionable in their times, have waned in popularity and prestige, over the years. Excepting the top-of-the-line buildings in this style most are plagued by the economic malpractices of builders and developers. They usually reduce and compromise the designs laid down by the architects in order to save costs.

Technically, the architects have already pared down the design to a bare minimum, with no ornament or redundancy. Developers further pare them down out of cost-necessity or usual habit. This results in buildings that are neither very pleasant nor quite safe.

Insensitive Criticism
Another often criticized lacuna of the International Style is its insensitivity to the surroundings. It usually pervaded into the spaces of buildings around and added a jarring note into the skyline or the street, causing negative feelings to people in the vicinity. In most non-American cities that these buildings sprang up overnight, people experienced a sort of cultural and style disharmony. This is a primary reason why ‘human factors’ are given greater recognition in building design.

Functionalism Resurrects
The functionalist is usually engaged in systematic organization, and works to build a building system that is more efficient and effective. Therefore, functionalists interpret the ‘human factors’ as the ergonomic efficiency of a system. This in itself is quite appreciable because the ‘ends’ is achieved, irrespective of the ‘means.’ Buildings based on functionalism are often accused of being emotionally neutral. But, there’s no doubt about the fact that lean designs would make the most magnificent structures, when based upon the three testing grounds of Vitruvius: ‘firmitas, utilitas, venustas.’ Reference architectural evangelist.

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Accuracy of BIM Quantity Takeoff and consequently material procurement!!!

Accuracy of BIM Quantity Takeoff and consequently material procurement!!!

If the estimation is not correct on a project, it will affect the business negatively. While underestimation of the cost leads to loss of money, the overestimation may result in failure at the bidding phase. Even though the direct victim of this issue in traditional fixed price contracts is contractor, the impact of poor estimation will be seen in the entire project.

The typical pain areas for BOQ’s industry wide are:

  • As quantity take-off from 2D drafting is not connected to the resulting BOQ dynamically, the surveying team has to take many days in order to visualize the construction from 2D drafting.
  • Even though BOQ industry needs the cost and resource loaded schedule. It is not in the hierarchical structure of the BOQ.
  • There are different methods to estimate cost codes and schedule resources at various levels of details.
  • BOQ or the schedule is not the structure for cost controlling and cost capture. But a third structure should be mapped to these two for cost controlling and cost capture.

Estimating Process

A baseline of cost required at the various stages of project development is called cost estimation. The cost engineer or estimator predicts an amount at a given stage, based on the data available. Even though several types of cost estimation methods exist, Bill of Quantities (BOQ) Unit costs is the most commonly used. In this approach, the bill of quantities assigns a unit cost to each of the components or tasks. If you sum the quantities that are multiplied by the corresponding unit costs, you will get the total cost of the project.  Unit cost method is based on a simple arithmetical principle and is very accurate in estimating. But proper application is essential. However, there are three key factors that decide the success of this method.

estimating process

  • First and most important factor is that BOQ should be accurate
  • There should be a well-defined framework for the construction procedure, which is commonly called asStandard Method of Measurement (SMM) or Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). The framework should contain a series of tasks with the allocation of quantities to those tasks.
  • Estimating tools are the third factor. They are used to calculate cost accurately based on WBS and BOQ and report the expecting estimates in client defined formats.

Besides the three main factors, there are many other fixed or variable factors like inflation, consumption rates, taxes, currency fluctuations and contingencies etc., which should be considered by the estimator.

Generating accurate BIM quantity takeoff:

The best way to get an accurate BOQ is nothing but adoption of Building Information Modeling services. The possibilities of common errors in BOQs are minimal in the projects that use BIM Process and technology. BIM represents a single and accurate design model instead of providing several drawings. A BIM model can create a bim quantity takeoff automatically, which means it has in-built intelligence to know about each building element and with what it is made of. Therefore, it any change occurred in the design of a model, the BOQ will also be updated.

Example of Building information modeling services quantity comparison:

Costing is one of the most important aspect of a project to the owners of the project. Controlling cost escalation and managing material is one issue that cannot be compromised.

Quantities for architectural and structural components are extracted at schematic, tender, Good-For-Construction (GFC) and construction stage. At the schematic stage it is used for budgeting. While tendering, the BIM quantities are compared against the tender costs. As the design is refined at GFC stage, the revised quantities are used for evaluating change requests. On completion of execution, the bim quantity take offs from the model are used for bill verification.

At every stage, the accuracy of BIM quantities exceeds the accuracy of conventional thumb rule calculation. Overall adoption of building information modeling services helps control cost escalation and disputes during the checking process.

On an average while comparing the benefit of BIM for Accurate Quantification and material procurement it can be summarized through our project experiences that

  • Time taken to calculate quantity from BIM -1 day
  • Time taken to calculate quantity by site team -1 week

The difference in the quantities is anywhere between 1% – 8%.

quantity takeoff

bim quantity takeoff


BIM solutions application and Benefits to Stakeholders:

The availability of software packages that can help prepare bills of quantities is increasing day to day. Bills of quantities are produced with the help of building information modeling services. They do this task using the information contained within the model. The benefits of integrated BIM solutions are several and they are beneficial for everybody in a construction industry including owners, cost consultants, project managers and contractors.

Building information modeling services help owners take a ‘hands-on’ approach to manage investors, stakeholders and contractors. Using this technology, the project managers and architects can provide their services on behalf of their clients. Cost consultants can provide various services like rapid and credible cost planning, energy analysis and procurement services etc. BIM helps contractors support revaluation amendments. Reference bim forum

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Nanotechnology in the Construction Industry

Nanotechnology in the Construction Industry

Mention the word “nanotechnology” and people think of nano robots. After all, that’s how Hollywood has portrayed it. Microscopic sized robots that crawl around accomplishing whatever nefarious task their creator programmed them to do. Mention nanotechnology in construction and they look at you strange, as if you’re a character from a science fiction movie.

Carbon Nanotube Structure
Carbon Nanotube Structure

Nevertheless, researchers are hard at work applying nanotechnology to the materials used in construction. While it sounds incredibly high tech, nanotechnology is actually just a type of materials science. By definition, it deals with materials that are less than 100 nano meters in length. To put that in perspective, the smallest thing the human eye can see is about 10,000 nano meters long.

Something interesting happens to materials at that size. Normal things like gravity don’t matter, and others, like electromagnetism function differently. Nano materials react differently with other materials than we’re used to, creating new compounds with surprising capabilities.

One of the things that make nano materials so effective is that they have a much higher surface area to weight ratio than other materials. This drastically increases their ability to chemically bond to other materials, creating compounds that are much stronger and lighter. These materials also possess unique properties that aren’t available in other materials.

One of the most promising nanomaterials is carbon nanotubes. These are able to be produced in a ratio of 1,000,000 to 1, creating an incredibly strong, incredibly lightweight fibrous material for use as an additive in materials as diverse as car tires and concrete, increasing both compressive and flexural strength.

There are four basic areas in which nanomaterials are being studied for use in construction:

  • Structural materials – Nano materials, such as the carbon nano tubes are making materials stronger, reducing labor required in construction, and reducing wear on materials.
  • Surfaces and surface coatings – Nano materials used as surface coatings can make buildings self-cleaning. This can include self-cleaning glass and coatings for concrete structures that break down and decompose organic materials, so that rain water will wash them off.
  • Thermal performance – Improving insulation values of materials to reduce energy costs required for heating and cooling structures.
  • Energy efficiency – Window coatings are being created to increase the R-value of windows, reduce ultraviolet light transmission and the clarity automatically to match ambient light levels.

Much of this is still largely in the experimental stage, as the whole field of nanotechnology is still relatively new. Moving these new materials from the laboratory to the job site is the work of years.

Part of the problem in implementing these new nano materials is their relative high cost. Being new, they don’t yet show an effective return for their cost. Added to this is the construction industry’s general mistrust of new technologies, preferring to stay with materials and methods that they know and trust. With the long life expectancy of buildings, proving the benefits of nano materials is a slow process.

Nevertheless, there are construction materials currently in use that utilize nanotechnology. In most cases, the manufacturer doesn’t label their products as such, as there is no clear marketing benefit in doing so. Architects and contractors are more interested in the actual advantage that the nanotechnology provides, than they are in the technology itself. Reference viatechnik for more information about our services click here.

Upcoming Webcast: From Paper to Cloud: A Lean Construction Case Study Featuring Whiting-Turner

Upcoming Webcast: From Paper to Cloud: A Lean Construction Case Study Featuring Whiting-Turner


Making the step to deploying Lean for your production planning process is a major undertaking. Once you have made the transition to leveraging the Last Planner methodology to manage the tasks, commitments and dependencies during your planning meetings, you need an efficient way to capture, manage, visualize and collaborate against the data you collect. While spread sheets and sticky notes are the current standard, cloud and mobile technology like BIM 360 Plan reduce the manual data entry process while automatically collecting and articulating productivity reports for process improvement.

Join PhoenixEOS, BIM and Autodesk Lean Construction Specialist, Project Manager at PhoenixEOS, to learn about their journey to improve their production planning process. You’ll hear how they were able to:

  • Replace traditional reactive scheduling methods with a proactive one that is supported by the agility of robust software and daily check-ins.
  • Integrate the master schedule and production management processes.
  • Create a collaborative planning environment.
  • Use metrics and standard processes to drive continuous improvement and accountability. Reference Upcoming Webcast: From Paper to Cloud: A Lean Construction Case Study Featuring Whiting-Turner by Julie Jacobson.

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Formit – Conceptual BIM

Formit – Conceptual BIM

I recently watched a video on Autodesk University Online called AB6516: Take a Deep Dive into Conceptual BIM. This was a good over view of what Formit can do. This was a round table discussion class taught by Tom Vollaro, Sean Burke, Ryan Cameron, and Anthony Caputo. In their presentation they did a great job explaining how they use Formit on a daily basis. I though the presentation was short, but it showed a lot. On a side note I like how AU Online has changed this year. I really hope it sticks. It looks like you can now watch any of the video, and you only need an AU account to download the handouts, or to download the video. Yes I said download the Video this years it looks like they gave us back the ability to download videos yeah.

Formit - Conceptual BIM

Formit is a conceptual modeler much like Sketchup. Biggest difference is that it was initially designed for the iPad, they have since come out with a Android and Web version. (I wish they had a Windows tablet version that could be used like the iPad, and Android versions.) Another difference is that it creates native Revit files. There is a workflow to bring Revit files back into Formit but that seems really convoluted. To use take a Revit file back into Formit you will need theRevit to Formit converter tool, the problem with this add-in it’s for Revit 2015 not 2016. (Autodesk has been really slow this year in updating their Add-in for Revit)

Formit - Conceptual BIM

I first learned about Formit 2 years ago, and it has evolved a lot since then. At the time I was looking for a way to do Sketch up on my iPad, and this was the solution. Since then Autodesk has added some energy analysis tools. Now like Sketch up there is a paid and free version, the free version gives me every thing I need, but the paid version gives the ability to do the energy analysis, and some collaboration tools. (One thing that would be nice would be to role Formit into the Building Design Suite.). Reference Formit – Conceptual BIM by Mathew Miller.

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Autodesk 3ds team looking for Revit Users interested or using 3ds Max Design for visualizing Projects!

Autodesk 3ds team looking for Revit Users interested or using 3ds Max Design for visualizing Projects!

Autodesk 3ds

Autodesk M&E 3ds Max Gunslinger summit is a design-focused participatory event in Montreal (Canada) between our users and members of the Autodesk 3ds Max product management, development and design teams. The event is comprised of a series of workshops, design reviews, validation discussions, design charrettes, and more.

3ds Max and 3ds Max Design tools and technology have been used by visualization experts to tell the story of a design in dynamic presentations and won many awards in the entertainment industry.   Clients consistently respond to exploring their project or product in context, within their existing surroundings and bustling with life.  They, and other stakeholders, also find that video helps them understand complex information about the design.   This could be anything from construction logistics, complex function (such as a sliding roof), the impact of design options, or visualization of traffic, weather, stress, airflow and energy.    Cinematic storytelling techniques can convincingly evoke emotions and convey these messages with style.   Unfortunately, in the past, you’d need a large budget to deliver presentations that include these elements.   There are many ways to solve these issues but your feedback is essential.  This is why we’d like to meet with you in person.

We are looking to locate people who would be interested or available in attending.   The Gunslinger is by invitation only as we can only accommodate so many, and other than travel, all shuttles, hotel, and meals are included by Autodesk.   The meeting would be 4 days, Sept 16-19.    It is an opportunity to meet our team and influence tools that could help you improve the way you communicate your designs.  

If you are interested in the Gunslinger please let us know by completing a short survey.  We will then be reviewing the submissions for selecting users but if you are unable to attend this specific Gunslinger but are interested in future events please do fill out the survey. Reference by  David Light.

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Proven Benefits from CPM Scheduling

Proven Benefits from CPM Scheduling

Critical Path Method (CPM) Scheduling has been in use in construction for a number of years, although not everyone uses it. However, there are a wide range of benefits to using CPM Scheduling; benefits that can make any construction project run smoother.

While CPM scheduling may not have wide acceptance in construction, project managers in other fields have used it for years. The time taken to determine the critical path and develop the schedule around it is seen as time well spent, speeding the project towards completion, with less problems.

Any project has a critical path, whether you think of it or not. These are the list of tasks that have to be started and completed on time, in order for the project to be completed on time. Other tasks may have some leeway in the schedule, but not these. In many cases, you may actually be looking at that critical path and planning your work load around it in your head, without doing so formally.

So, what are the benefits of taking to time to do a critical path analysis and define the critical path for a project?

  • It helps define the minimum total project duration in a logical manner.
  • It helps the project manager define actual start dates for each subcontractor and phase of the project, providing more accurate scheduling information. This in turn helps prevent delays.  By determining the relationships between different tasks, it is easier to ensure that they are properly scheduled for maximum effectiveness and minimum delay.
  • Determines what float or lag time exists on parts of the project. Knowing that allows some flexibility in scheduling and prevents wasting time on fixing a scheduling problem that doesn’t exist (fighting a problem that the lag time eliminates).
  • Helps the project management team know where to focus their efforts, by knowing which tasks are critical to the overall project.
  • Identifies which tasks can be run in parallel with each other, without causing problems.
  • Helps identify which tasks are dependent upon each other, so that it is easier to determine the impact of problems.
  • Provides a clear project schedule, so that the project management team can know at any point in time how they are doing in comparison to the overall schedule.
  • Demonstrates is there are multiple critical paths, or if the critical path has changed due to a task being completed early.
  • By developing a long-range plan through CPM everyone involved in the project has a better understanding of where their part fits into the overall schedule.
  • Helps reduce waste by providing the ability to schedule more economically.

As you can see, there is an extensive list of advantages of using CPM. There are a number of software programs which have been created to make the CPM process easier. You can also define it in any project management software package, which will print a PERT chart (CPM map) and also define it on the GANTT chart. Reference viatechnik for more information about our services click here.

curtain panel windows, pots and planting

Curtain Wall Mullion Types

Curtain Wall Mullion Types

This blog entry will focus on the different Curtain Wall Mullion Types we have access to in the default Revit program. Additional to the Rectangular and Circular curtain wall mullions, we also have access to different types of Corner mullions, namely:

– L Corner Mullion
– Quad Corner Mullion
– Trapezoid Corner Mullion
– V Corner Mullion

curtain wall mullions


I have created a very simple greenhouse using sloped glazing for the roof. V Corner Mullions were applied to the roof ridges.

greenhouse using sloped glazing for the roof


As always, one tends to get diverted when playing around with Revit. I aimed to create a very short introduction to the different types of mullions, and ended up adding parametric open able curtain panel windows, pots and planting. Such is life.

curtain panel windows, pots and planting



curtain panel windows, pots and planting

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Our Vision:To be a forerunner in our field with the drive to provide valuable services to the clients. To be part of the solutions through sustainable engineering and architectural designs that keep in mind the future. To be quality driven in our approach to cater to our clients with emphasis on balancing their needs and the environment.

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Modern Architectural Wonders: Mesmerizing Globally Minded Tourists

Modern Architectural Wonders: Mesmerizing Globally Minded Tourists

4d construction simulation

Every era has its own style and ideology which are reflected onto the architecture developed and designed in that era. Phoenix Engineering Outsourcing Services (PhoenixEOS) discovers seven iconic modern architectures which beguile tourists around the world.

Cities and Thrones and Powers, Stand in Time’s eye…” – Rudyard Kipling

Time flows on without any stop. “The old order changeth, yielding place to new.” The great cities like Mohenjo-Daro, Indraprastha, Babylon, and the great architectural building like the Pentagon (the world’s largest office building by floor area), World Trade Centre (the twin 110-story towers), are all gone, and new cities and architecture are growing up in their stead. With the passing of time, the concept and patterns of architectural industry is rapidly changing. Every era has its own style and ideology which are reflected onto the architecture developed and designed in that era. When the world moved into the 21st century, architecture industry reached new heights. With dramatic innovations in engineering and technology, the modern era is witnessing growing numbers of skyscrapers and wonderful architectures around the world. Phoenix Engineering Outsourcing Services (PhoenixEOS) discovers seven iconic modern architectures which beguile tourists around the world.

Drivers of the Change

During the Middle Ages, architects and engineers realized the possibility of constructing building with dazzling height. But, poor technology could not transform their imaginative ideas into reality. The continuous advancements in technology and software in modern era are transferring their long-desired visions into reality. Dramatic improvements in window systems and photovoltaic system have made architects and designers to build “Net Zero Energy” buildings with spectacular heights. 3D-4D Building Information Modeling has brought a paradigm shift in the AEC industry. It helps not only to design a home building, but provides an end-to-end construction process, addressing the constructability, coordinating the process, and identifying clashes much before the actual construction begins. The drivers of changes are the followings:

(1) Economic Development
(2) Advancement in Technology and Engineering
(3) Connotation of Pride and Achievement
(4) Stiff Competition
(5) The Skyscraper Race
(6) Sign of Power
(7) Creativity of Modern Architects

Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai): An Ambitious Move

modern architectural wonders burj dubai

Formerly known as Burj Dubai, the tallest building in the world with incredible height of 828 m (2,717 ft), Burj Khalifa is a part of the 2 km2 flagship development called “Downtown Burj Khalifa”. Adrian Smith of Skidmore designed the building, while Bill Baker engineered the project. George Efstathiou was the Chief Architect for the project. The architecture and engineering tasks were completed by Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM) of Chicago. The building was built by South Korean company Samsung C&T, along with the Belgian group Besix and Arabtec from the UAE. The gigantic and multibillion-dollar skyscraper, Burj Dubai possessed World’s longest-traveling elevator measuring of 1,640 feet, traveled in two minutes unbelievably. Containing 5 million square feet of floor space, Burj Dubai is built on a “Y” footprint with three wings, each buttressing the others. At the center remains a six-sided concrete hub tying it all together. The outside temperature at the top floor can be as much as 15 degrees cooler than at ground level. If you want to cool off yourself during the scorching summer days in Dubai, book your flight and fly to Burj Dubai.

Sydney Opera House: A Symbol of Creativity and Innovation

4d construction simulation

Sydney Opera House is “one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th century”. A great urban sculpture set in a remarkable waterscape, Sydney Opera House is a prominent multi-venue performing arts centre at the tip of a peninsula projecting into Sydney Harbour. Designed by the Pritzker Prize (2003) winner Danish architect Jorn Utzon, Sydney Opera house comprises three groups of interlocking vaulted ‘shells’ which roof two main performance halls and a restaurant. As one of the busiest performing arts centers in the world, it provides over 1,500 artistic and cultural performances for all ages from the educational to the experimental attended by near about 1.2 million annually. It is one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia, attracting more than 7 million tourist pilgrimages each year. The Opera House which was originally estimated to be completed on 26th January, 1963 was formally completed in 1973, thus being ten years late and surpassing the estimated budget by more than fourteen times.

The Crystal: The Dawn of the Crystal Age

modern architectural wonders the crystal

With an aim to highlight the Royal Ontario Museum’s (ROM) role as a Toronto focal point, the $270 million controversial renovation project Michael Lee-Chin Crystal marked the beginning of a new chapter for Toronto while it was formally opened on 2nd June, 2007. Polish-born U.S. Architect Daniel Libeskind put his thought onto the paper while attending a family wedding at the Royal Ontario Museum. Met with both scorn and adoration, the Crystal comprises five interlocking, self-supporting prismatic structures that interface with, but are not attached to, the original ROM. 25 percent of the exterior of the building is covered with glass and the rest 75 percent is covered with extruded-brushed, aluminum cladding strips in a warm silver color. Exquisitely designed steel beams ranging from 1 to 25 meters in length are placed one by one to their specific angle, creating complex angle joints and sloped walls. 

The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao: Changing the Concept about Museum

modern architectural wonders guggenheim museum

Designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, built by Ferrovial, and located in Bilbao, Spain, The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is one of the world’s most spectacular buildings in the style of Deconstructivism. Computer simulations technology played an important role while structuring the building, making it feasible to develop shapes and blocks. Computer Aided Three Dimensional Interactive Application (CATIA) and 3D visualization helped the architectural designers and constructors to identify spatial problems and design conflict at the early stages of design and development. Every part of the building reflects the Gehry style. Situated upon the Nervion River and resembled like a Ship, the Guggenheim Museum challenges our assumptions about the connection between art, architecture and collecting. Most interestingly, this is one of the rare buildings which were constructed on time and budget. With close to ninety exhibitions and over ten million visitors to its credit, the museum has changed the way the world thinks about museums.

The Cumulus: Experience the Technology 

modern architectural wonders cumulus

According to the designer Juergen H Mayer, “Communicating between ground and sky, the Danfoss Project can be seen as landscape formations”. A new addition to the 5.5 hectar science museum park Danfoss Universe, the Cumulus is a spectacular building, having irregular cloud-like roofscape, curves and angles. It appears as a bite taken out of a cloud. The interior of the building is designed in black and white, with the exception of stairs and exhibition props which are covered with red cushions. The Cumulus opening exhibition “Bitland” offers visitors of all ages the chance to experience the latest digital technology. Interaction is visualized via two large projection walls. At Cumulus, you can play with technology, fight a big robot and create your own animation movie.

Petronas Twin Towers: The Towers that Inspire

modern architectural wonders petronas twin towers

Designed by Argentine architect César Pelli, the 88-floor Petronas Towers were the tallest buildings (1998 to 2004) in the world until Taipei 101 was completed in 2004. However, the twin towers are still the tallest building in the world. Due to the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of high-strength reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass façade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art. The Tower 1 was built by a Japanese consortium led by the Hazama Corporation while Tower 2 was built by South Korean contractors Samsung C&T and Kukdong Engineering & Construction. While Tower 1 is fully occupied by Petronas and a number of its subsidiaries, Tower 2 is occupied by number of famous companies including Accenture, Boeing, IBM, McKinsey & Co, TCS, HCL Technologies, Microsoft, Reuters, and etc.

Empire State Building: Enlightening the World with Light

modern architectural wonders empire state building

One of the most striking attractions of the Empire State Building is its frequently changing lighting systems atop the building. As a focal point for displays, important incidents, and promotions, the Tower Lights just might surprise you with how often they change! Secondly, the building was the center of a skyscraper race between Walter Chrysler (Chrysler Corp) and John Jakob Raskob (General Motors) to see who could build the tallest building first. The Empire State Building, named after the nick name of New York – ‘The Empire State’, is a 102-story landmark in New York City. It stood as the world’s tallest building (1,250 feet) from 1931 to 1973 until the construction of the World Trade Center’s North Tower was completed in 1972. The building was designed by William F. Lamb from Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, which develop the building drawings in two weeks. It took only one year and 45 days to complete the masonry, significantly ahead of schedule and under budget. Built during the Great Depression, the cost of the building was only $40,948,900 including the cost of land (much lesser than the $50 million estimated tag). Reference architectural evangelist.

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7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!
7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

Building information modeling (BIM), more than a technology, is a system that applies to all aspect of construction industry like plan, design, the estimating, the supply of chain, the delivery of goods during the build, the resource allocation and the productivity requirements etc.

BIM solutions have several uses and benefits and it is visible mainly in its potential to reduce rework like re-keying information into models or making changes in the field. As BIM solutions make the users more proficient, the productivity is improved significantly. Here are describing some of the important benefits of building information modeling (BIM) that will tell you how BIM can save your time and budget for building and infrastructure projects.

  1. BIM enhances collaboration for better outcomes

As BIM solutions enables all project partners including different design disciplines, contractor, specialists, suppliers and the customers to use a single shared 3D model, everybody will focus on achieving best value from project inception to final decommissioning. Models make sharing and collaborating easier than drawing sets do. It is because a lot of functions are possible only through a digital workflow.

  1. BIM improves performance

Swift and accurate comparison of various design options are possible with the help of BIM. It will result in development of more efficient, sustainable and cost-effective solutions.

  1. BIM solutions enables predictability

This is the most important benefit of BIM. BIM gives the operators and owners of the building a clear idea of design content before the work starts by visualizing the projects at an early stage. So, they can make any modification and change in the design in advance of construction and can achieve the outcomes they want.

  1. BIM creates virtual model

BIM enables the project team to build the project in a virtual environment. It includes rehearsing complex procedures, planning procurement materials, equipment and man power and optimizing temporary works.

  1. BIM minimizes safety risk

The 3D model provided BIM technology enhances operational safety. As BIM helps review complex details or procedures before going on site, contractors can reduce the risks that may occur in construction stage.

  1. BIM solutions reduces waste

Exact quantity take-offs is one of the important aspect of a construction work that will substantially reduce the waste and avoid the nonessential expenditure. Exact quantity take-of means the delivery of correct quantity of materials and equipment at correct time. BIM ensures just-in-time delivery of exact quantity of materials that will minimize the possibility for damage. It save the time and money of the customer.

  1. BIM resolves conflict

The BIM toolset can help automate clash detection of elements like ductwork or electrical conduit that run into a beam. As it models all such things first, we can discover the clashes at early stage and it will reduce the costly on-site clashes. The model also ensures a perfect fit of elements, which are manufactures off-site. So these components can easily be bolted into place than created on-site.

In short, with building information modeling, the designers can have all of the input complied and shared in a model, as it incorporates graphic, physical, commercial, environmental and operational data. That is why this new technology is now implied not only in buildings, but across oil and gas, transport, power, water and industry sectors etc. Reference Excelize.

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