Modern Architectural Wonders: Mesmerizing Globally Minded Tourists

Modern Architectural Wonders: Mesmerizing Globally Minded Tourists

4d construction simulation

Every era has its own style and ideology which are reflected onto the architecture developed and designed in that era. Phoenix Engineering Outsourcing Services (PhoenixEOS) discovers seven iconic modern architectures which beguile tourists around the world.

Cities and Thrones and Powers, Stand in Time’s eye…” – Rudyard Kipling

Time flows on without any stop. “The old order changeth, yielding place to new.” The great cities like Mohenjo-Daro, Indraprastha, Babylon, and the great architectural building like the Pentagon (the world’s largest office building by floor area), World Trade Centre (the twin 110-story towers), are all gone, and new cities and architecture are growing up in their stead. With the passing of time, the concept and patterns of architectural industry is rapidly changing. Every era has its own style and ideology which are reflected onto the architecture developed and designed in that era. When the world moved into the 21st century, architecture industry reached new heights. With dramatic innovations in engineering and technology, the modern era is witnessing growing numbers of skyscrapers and wonderful architectures around the world. Phoenix Engineering Outsourcing Services (PhoenixEOS) discovers seven iconic modern architectures which beguile tourists around the world.

Drivers of the Change

During the Middle Ages, architects and engineers realized the possibility of constructing building with dazzling height. But, poor technology could not transform their imaginative ideas into reality. The continuous advancements in technology and software in modern era are transferring their long-desired visions into reality. Dramatic improvements in window systems and photovoltaic system have made architects and designers to build “Net Zero Energy” buildings with spectacular heights. 3D-4D Building Information Modeling has brought a paradigm shift in the AEC industry. It helps not only to design a home building, but provides an end-to-end construction process, addressing the constructability, coordinating the process, and identifying clashes much before the actual construction begins. The drivers of changes are the followings:

(1) Economic Development
(2) Advancement in Technology and Engineering
(3) Connotation of Pride and Achievement
(4) Stiff Competition
(5) The Skyscraper Race
(6) Sign of Power
(7) Creativity of Modern Architects

Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai): An Ambitious Move

modern architectural wonders burj dubai

Formerly known as Burj Dubai, the tallest building in the world with incredible height of 828 m (2,717 ft), Burj Khalifa is a part of the 2 km2 flagship development called “Downtown Burj Khalifa”. Adrian Smith of Skidmore designed the building, while Bill Baker engineered the project. George Efstathiou was the Chief Architect for the project. The architecture and engineering tasks were completed by Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM) of Chicago. The building was built by South Korean company Samsung C&T, along with the Belgian group Besix and Arabtec from the UAE. The gigantic and multibillion-dollar skyscraper, Burj Dubai possessed World’s longest-traveling elevator measuring of 1,640 feet, traveled in two minutes unbelievably. Containing 5 million square feet of floor space, Burj Dubai is built on a “Y” footprint with three wings, each buttressing the others. At the center remains a six-sided concrete hub tying it all together. The outside temperature at the top floor can be as much as 15 degrees cooler than at ground level. If you want to cool off yourself during the scorching summer days in Dubai, book your flight and fly to Burj Dubai.

Sydney Opera House: A Symbol of Creativity and Innovation

4d construction simulation

Sydney Opera House is “one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th century”. A great urban sculpture set in a remarkable waterscape, Sydney Opera House is a prominent multi-venue performing arts centre at the tip of a peninsula projecting into Sydney Harbour. Designed by the Pritzker Prize (2003) winner Danish architect Jorn Utzon, Sydney Opera house comprises three groups of interlocking vaulted ‘shells’ which roof two main performance halls and a restaurant. As one of the busiest performing arts centers in the world, it provides over 1,500 artistic and cultural performances for all ages from the educational to the experimental attended by near about 1.2 million annually. It is one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia, attracting more than 7 million tourist pilgrimages each year. The Opera House which was originally estimated to be completed on 26th January, 1963 was formally completed in 1973, thus being ten years late and surpassing the estimated budget by more than fourteen times.

The Crystal: The Dawn of the Crystal Age

modern architectural wonders the crystal

With an aim to highlight the Royal Ontario Museum’s (ROM) role as a Toronto focal point, the $270 million controversial renovation project Michael Lee-Chin Crystal marked the beginning of a new chapter for Toronto while it was formally opened on 2nd June, 2007. Polish-born U.S. Architect Daniel Libeskind put his thought onto the paper while attending a family wedding at the Royal Ontario Museum. Met with both scorn and adoration, the Crystal comprises five interlocking, self-supporting prismatic structures that interface with, but are not attached to, the original ROM. 25 percent of the exterior of the building is covered with glass and the rest 75 percent is covered with extruded-brushed, aluminum cladding strips in a warm silver color. Exquisitely designed steel beams ranging from 1 to 25 meters in length are placed one by one to their specific angle, creating complex angle joints and sloped walls. 

The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao: Changing the Concept about Museum

modern architectural wonders guggenheim museum

Designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, built by Ferrovial, and located in Bilbao, Spain, The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is one of the world’s most spectacular buildings in the style of Deconstructivism. Computer simulations technology played an important role while structuring the building, making it feasible to develop shapes and blocks. Computer Aided Three Dimensional Interactive Application (CATIA) and 3D visualization helped the architectural designers and constructors to identify spatial problems and design conflict at the early stages of design and development. Every part of the building reflects the Gehry style. Situated upon the Nervion River and resembled like a Ship, the Guggenheim Museum challenges our assumptions about the connection between art, architecture and collecting. Most interestingly, this is one of the rare buildings which were constructed on time and budget. With close to ninety exhibitions and over ten million visitors to its credit, the museum has changed the way the world thinks about museums.

The Cumulus: Experience the Technology 

modern architectural wonders cumulus

According to the designer Juergen H Mayer, “Communicating between ground and sky, the Danfoss Project can be seen as landscape formations”. A new addition to the 5.5 hectar science museum park Danfoss Universe, the Cumulus is a spectacular building, having irregular cloud-like roofscape, curves and angles. It appears as a bite taken out of a cloud. The interior of the building is designed in black and white, with the exception of stairs and exhibition props which are covered with red cushions. The Cumulus opening exhibition “Bitland” offers visitors of all ages the chance to experience the latest digital technology. Interaction is visualized via two large projection walls. At Cumulus, you can play with technology, fight a big robot and create your own animation movie.

Petronas Twin Towers: The Towers that Inspire

modern architectural wonders petronas twin towers

Designed by Argentine architect César Pelli, the 88-floor Petronas Towers were the tallest buildings (1998 to 2004) in the world until Taipei 101 was completed in 2004. However, the twin towers are still the tallest building in the world. Due to the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of high-strength reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass façade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art. The Tower 1 was built by a Japanese consortium led by the Hazama Corporation while Tower 2 was built by South Korean contractors Samsung C&T and Kukdong Engineering & Construction. While Tower 1 is fully occupied by Petronas and a number of its subsidiaries, Tower 2 is occupied by number of famous companies including Accenture, Boeing, IBM, McKinsey & Co, TCS, HCL Technologies, Microsoft, Reuters, and etc.

Empire State Building: Enlightening the World with Light

modern architectural wonders empire state building

One of the most striking attractions of the Empire State Building is its frequently changing lighting systems atop the building. As a focal point for displays, important incidents, and promotions, the Tower Lights just might surprise you with how often they change! Secondly, the building was the center of a skyscraper race between Walter Chrysler (Chrysler Corp) and John Jakob Raskob (General Motors) to see who could build the tallest building first. The Empire State Building, named after the nick name of New York – ‘The Empire State’, is a 102-story landmark in New York City. It stood as the world’s tallest building (1,250 feet) from 1931 to 1973 until the construction of the World Trade Center’s North Tower was completed in 1972. The building was designed by William F. Lamb from Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, which develop the building drawings in two weeks. It took only one year and 45 days to complete the masonry, significantly ahead of schedule and under budget. Built during the Great Depression, the cost of the building was only $40,948,900 including the cost of land (much lesser than the $50 million estimated tag). Reference architectural evangelist.

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7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!
7 things your boss expects you know about BIM Solutions!

Building information modeling (BIM), more than a technology, is a system that applies to all aspect of construction industry like plan, design, the estimating, the supply of chain, the delivery of goods during the build, the resource allocation and the productivity requirements etc.

BIM solutions have several uses and benefits and it is visible mainly in its potential to reduce rework like re-keying information into models or making changes in the field. As BIM solutions make the users more proficient, the productivity is improved significantly. Here are describing some of the important benefits of building information modeling (BIM) that will tell you how BIM can save your time and budget for building and infrastructure projects.

  1. BIM enhances collaboration for better outcomes

As BIM solutions enables all project partners including different design disciplines, contractor, specialists, suppliers and the customers to use a single shared 3D model, everybody will focus on achieving best value from project inception to final decommissioning. Models make sharing and collaborating easier than drawing sets do. It is because a lot of functions are possible only through a digital workflow.

  1. BIM improves performance

Swift and accurate comparison of various design options are possible with the help of BIM. It will result in development of more efficient, sustainable and cost-effective solutions.

  1. BIM solutions enables predictability

This is the most important benefit of BIM. BIM gives the operators and owners of the building a clear idea of design content before the work starts by visualizing the projects at an early stage. So, they can make any modification and change in the design in advance of construction and can achieve the outcomes they want.

  1. BIM creates virtual model

BIM enables the project team to build the project in a virtual environment. It includes rehearsing complex procedures, planning procurement materials, equipment and man power and optimizing temporary works.

  1. BIM minimizes safety risk

The 3D model provided BIM technology enhances operational safety. As BIM helps review complex details or procedures before going on site, contractors can reduce the risks that may occur in construction stage.

  1. BIM solutions reduces waste

Exact quantity take-offs is one of the important aspect of a construction work that will substantially reduce the waste and avoid the nonessential expenditure. Exact quantity take-of means the delivery of correct quantity of materials and equipment at correct time. BIM ensures just-in-time delivery of exact quantity of materials that will minimize the possibility for damage. It save the time and money of the customer.

  1. BIM resolves conflict

The BIM toolset can help automate clash detection of elements like ductwork or electrical conduit that run into a beam. As it models all such things first, we can discover the clashes at early stage and it will reduce the costly on-site clashes. The model also ensures a perfect fit of elements, which are manufactures off-site. So these components can easily be bolted into place than created on-site.

In short, with building information modeling, the designers can have all of the input complied and shared in a model, as it incorporates graphic, physical, commercial, environmental and operational data. That is why this new technology is now implied not only in buildings, but across oil and gas, transport, power, water and industry sectors etc. Reference Excelize.

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California High Speed Rail – A Glimpse of the Future

California’s High Speed Rail project is being touted as “the Project of the Century” and with good reason. This project has its share of engineering challenges, including tunneling as much as 500 feet underground and spanning gorges 300 feet above the ground. Even so, the biggest challenge that engineers have to take into consideration is the fact that the “Bullet train” is going to have to cross seven fault lines.

California High Speed Rail
Zip from San Francisco to Los Angeles

Japan has successfully operated high speed rail lines across faults for many years, so this isn’t without precedent. That means that many of the engineering challenges have already been dealt with, allowing the engineers to concentrate on design, rather than having to invent new technology to go forward.

Nevertheless, this will be the first of a new wave of high-speed rail systems built in the United States. The bullet trains and their tracks are being designed to sustain speeds as high as 220 miles per hour in some parts; much higher than current American high speed rail systems in use.

This system is being seen as a portent of new things to come. As transportation needs for our growing population increase, racing neck and neck with environmental concerns, the need for new systems is paramount. It is interesting that the solution may be something right out of our own history.

Rail transportation was a major part of the westward expansion of the United States, settling territories on the frontier. As rail lines moved westward, eventually completing the first transcontinental rail line in 1869, the lands alongside the tracks were the first that became heavily settled. Many western towns were abandoned, simply because the tracks passed them by, choosing instead to bring service to another town, closer to their intended route.

In those early days, rail transportation was used for everything from carrying cows eastward to the slaughterhouses, to carrying Uncle Joe’s coffin home for burial. Yet for years, our nation’s rails have been relegated to providing bulk carrier service at relatively slow speeds.

With this project, the revitalization of rail transport may very well be beginning. Rail is extremely efficient once the tracks are laid. The energy used per passenger or per pound of cargo is much lower than other common means of transport. That’s clearly demonstrated by the number of trucking firms which use rail for long-distance transit, loading their trailers onto flatcars for moving them over long distances.

While the initial investment for creating the high speed rail system is enormous, much of that is offset by reducing the necessary investment in other transportation infrastructure. Without the California high speed rail system and others, a similar amount of money will have to be invested in the creation of new highways and airports. Considering the age and condition of much of our transportation infrastructure, taking some of the load off of it clearly makes sense.

Much hangs in the balance as this project goes forward. Its success could provide the impetus for many other similar projects, especially in high-population areas. If so, transportation in the future could look much like it did in the past, except with sleeker lines and much higher speeds. Reference viatachnik for more information about our services click here.

North Dakota Fracking Creates a Construction Boom

The sleepy little town of Williston, in the Northwest corner of North Dakota has become a boom-town. No longer is this community a center for the local farmers, it’s become overrun by the newest mining rush in the country. As oil companies rush to get in on the fracking boom, this community is struggling to keep up with the needs. Thousands of new workers have flooded the area, needing housing, meals, services and someplace to spend their hard-earned money.

Fracking is a relatively new development in oil exploration and production, useful for extracting oil from much deeper than conventional drilling methods allow. In fracking, salt water mixed with chemicals and sand is pumped into the ground, causing fractures that allow the oil to come closer to the surface where it can be pumped out. Many times, the overburden causes the oil to be at such high pressure, that no pumping is required.

While controversial, fracking has opened the way to recover oil in North Dakota from the Bakken formation; an oil-bearing shale formation, two miles below the surface. There are currently 150 oil companies working in the region, producing 660,000 barrels of petroleum per day.

All of this work and the massive influx of workers needed to accomplish it has created incredible stress on the local economy and infrastructure. At the start of the boom, workers were sleeping in their trucks, because there was literally no room at the inn. While there is still much to do, construction workers have done much to alleviate the crowding, building temporary dwellings, businesses, infrastructure and even expanding the local school.

The community of Williston is struggling to keep up with the needs and the growth. When the town was built, nobody expected its population to triple in such a short time. Trucks rumbling up and down Main Street all day, every day show how much this town has grown. The two-lane road, along with everything else, needs to grow to meet the needs of the oil fields.

While oil production is temporary, it appears that the boom from this oil rush will last about 25 years. That’s too long to just put in temporary services, so the local economy is reacting, building apartment buildings, increasing the size of stores and opening new businesses as fast as construction crews can work. The town is growing rapidly, and nobody knows where it will end.

One of the struggles facing construction companies and developers is deciding how to build. In the world of construction, 25 years is a fairly short lifespan for any building. Yet, once the boom is over, this North Dakota community will probably go back to being a sleepy farm community. Building structures that are intended to last, will only ensure a lot of empty buildings, when the influx of workers moves on to someplace else.

Regardless of what ultimately happens, the oil boom has done wonders for North Dakota’s economy and unemployment rate. Tax money gleaned from this boom has brought the state out of debt. Legislation has been presented to share a larger percentage of that money with the local communities affected by the boom, allowing them to increase their infrastructure. So, over the long-haul, this is going to be good for the communities in Northwest North Dakota. Reference Viatechnik.

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Building information modelling bim and virtual construction

Building information modelling bim and virtual construction

building information modelling

We have been hearing the term Building information Modelling (BIM) for around 20 years. The concept of digital and spatial representation of buildings has also been around more than that. Over this time, lots of variation and perversion has been occurred to the term BIM.

“BIM in itself is a revolution in the construction industry.”

Building information modelling (BIM) is the procedure of generating and managing building data for the entire lifecycle of a facility. The three-dimensional, real-time, dynamic building modelling software used in BIM can decrease the wastage of time and resources in the process of designing and constructing a structure. BIM provides virtual information model that can be handed over from design team to contractor and subcontractors and then to the owner and it benefits the overall project schedule. BIM helps build a project virtually prior the construction starts and it is known as virtual construction.

First of all, virtual construction is not a synonym of building information modelling and they should not be used interchangeably. Virtual construction technologies can deliver projects ahead of schedule and within the budget. It is helpful for planning, coordination and communication on civil infrastructure, commercial and heavy industrial buildings construction projects. It is sure that if a project is designed and constructed in a collaborative environment using BIM, it can really save time and costs on site.

Earlier, the speed of communication was inhibited due to limited forms of media. Fast communication, obviously often seeks to transfer risk from one member to another of the team, instead of addressing it head-on.

As 3D modelling improves site coordination, this risk is dramatically eliminated altogether. BIM can compile all project information in a universally understandable way. When the clarity and speed is improved, it will automatically reduce estimating time, which will result in higher quality.

Building information modelling bim and virtual construction

Objectives of various BIM stages

  1. Constructability analysis: With virtual construction and BIM modelling
  2. Coordination of Building Components: with clash detection and virtual coordination
  3. Extraction of quantities: with BIM model components
  4. Construction sequence simulation: By connecting construction schedule with model components

The benefits of 3D models by BIM are several. The data contained in each element in the model may appear to be just one small piece. But it is very necessary to complete the larger puzzle of the construction project. Moreover, everybody involved in the project can easily understand the exact quantities and quality of the entire project. That means, the team members do not have to sift through pages upon pages of drawings for several weeks to extract information. It will happen in a few moments.

Difference between Building information modelling bim and virtual construction:

As per expert’s BIM is implemented under the entire project life cycle from Planning, Designing, Construction and Operation but specifically under Architectural Building project types. On the contrary, VDC (Virtual Design & Construction) is implemented under designing and construction phase under different project types from architectural building, urban development, infrastructure development, etc.

In short, BIM covers all phases of a building life cycle horizontally. Even though virtual construction covers just two phases, it reaches multiple markets and project types vertically.

Incorporate Architectural Renderings into Marketing

How to Incorporate Architectural Renderings into Marketing

How to Incorporate Architectural Renderings into Marketing

Incorporate Architectural Renderings into Marketing
Incorporate Architectural Renderings into Marketing

Marketing of product and services are vital element for successful business. 3D Architectural Rendering play important role in showcasing a business property. Eventually there are many organizations that engage marketing of commercial real estate.

Over the year we’ve seen a wide range of methods for utilizing 3D renderings for marketing and promotion, so we generally assume that we learned the best ways to use them. Below are few example which can be used for marketing.

Impressive website:

Showcasing impressive 3D images on company website is best way to attract potential buyers and investors. Detail website with impressive images will attract more potential buyers and investors. Make sure to put right keyword for SEO purpose. It will increase the potential customer numbers. A good SEO activity will result in increase of customer engagement.

Superior Visual Tools:

Seeing is believing, so using 3D architectural visualization is great tool for marketing company’s products. It able to accurately visually represent a property’s unique qualities to a potential client. Clients will left with no hard feeling because there is no question as to what the built-out property will look like. Superior visual images, video and 3d model will increase brand awareness among customers.

Sales Center:

Real estate companies can open sales center to attract customers. Sales Center is a great place to have larger printed versions of the visualizations. Buyers can see printed version of final product. Company can also showcase animation on a large screen TV in high definition. Virtual tour will make and they excited. Company can showcase their product by brochures and 3D modelling as well. Reference Geoshot for know more about it then contact us.

How to Improve Your Architectural Renderings

How to Improve Your Architectural Renderings

How to Improve Your Architectural Renderings

How to Improve Your Architectural Renderings

Photo realistic architect are more common these day. Photo realistic architectural rendering help people in making the dream house they have always dreamt of. Now 3D artist can easily clear the errors from building plan before construction so that the building can have similar look that customer want. Photo realistic architect

Architect render Post processing (I have to search this in google)

Train your eye: One need to carefully observe the surrounding to develop an understanding of the interaction of light and materials.  Notice how different types of light sources interact with different material surfaces.  Make mental notes about the shapes and depth of shadows and reflections. It would be helpful for 3D artist to learn some of the basic physics of photons and properties of different material and observations of light scattering and reflection. It is also important to learn some stuff about photography to understand the ways various lenses and apertures and film types and speeds affect how a scene is captured.

Master Modelling and Rendering software: No matter how good you get at rendering, or how powerful or expensive your modelling software is, you will never master photo realistic rendering if you don’t first master whatever program you use to produce your models. You will never produce a rendering that is in distinguishable from a photo graphic the model isn’t perfect, because on the grounds there will be some jarring detail that is just wrong.

Practice: Practice makes a man perfect. There’s simply no better way to improve your skills and knowledge than to keep practising them over and over.  Set up a render; see how it looks; decide what you don’t like or what could be better; change your settings; render it once more.  Compare it to the first version and see whether it’s better, or not, and figure out why, or why not. Repeat unless you get perfect photo realistic image. Reference Geoshot

bim-modeling-services

Reduction in time brought about by design changes in BIM

Reduction in time brought about by design changes in BIM

bim-modeling-services

The major problem faced by construction industry is inability to complete the construction projects on time and within the budget. There are several factors in construction field that lead to time and cost overrun. Poor planning and scheduling as well as unprofessional site management of contractors cause the delay of construction and it will result in financial loss to the owners. The important factors that lead to wastage of time are inefficient project planning and scheduling, lack of contractor experience, improper site management and supervision, incredible subcontractors, delayed delivery of materials, which could be avoided through appropriate implementation of bim modeling services.

Change in design by owner, delay in site delivery, progress payment, approving design documents and performing inspection and testing and ineffective communication and coordination with other parties. The problems in planning and scheduling complexity of design and lack of control over the site resource allocations are also some of the top factors that cause time overruns.

Enables design changes:

Through BIM modeling services quick changes in design could be made, if any possible problem is found out on the construction site.

Facilitates cost estimation:

Using this technology, the design intent of a building can be checked both quantitatively and qualitatively and thus bim cost estimating process can be made early.

Reduces rework:

Rework is the main fact that leads to wastage of time and money in construction industry. BIM modeling services helps in updating and synchronizing any design automatically. It will reduce the drawing errors and thus minimize the possibilities of rework. So reducing human errors and avoiding reworking will help the industry to save time and money significantly.

Enhances productivity

Implementation of BIM concept can increase the efficiency and productivity of the delivery process as well as the constructed facility. As the construction issues can be eliminated in earlier stage, the request for design change, team conflicts and rebuilding will be reduced. The designers can make design decisions on the spatial experience of the BIM-based models. It can result a massive impact on the cost of the construction.

Automatically update data:

The components in a BIM model know how to act and interact with other components. For example, in a BIM model, a room, more than an abstract concept, is a unique space with other building components such as floors, walls and ceilings. In BIM modeling services, model is a complex database with geometric information and non-graphic data and room is a database element. So, if the designers change any model element, the changes in all views are automatically coordinated by BIM software.

Bim modeling services provides digital visualization:

The key benefit of BIM modeling services is that it helps owners and AEC professional for digital visualization, design, stimulation and analysis of the physical and functional features of a project before they constructed. So they get an idea of how the building will come together before the work starts. It reduces the change in design during construction, which will result in time and cost saving.

While CAD uses software tools to create digital 2D or 3D drawings, BIM modeling services provides a new way of working with designs and intelligent objects created. Even though the design is changed several times by everybody, the data in the model remains consistent. As all the stakeholders get a clear vision of the project from BIM model, they can be informed faster.

IMAGE BY LOCO STEVE

Awards for Five innovative construction projects

Awards for Five innovative construction projects

Chicago, IL – Five major construction projects are vying for the inaugural Construction Project of the Year honors being offered by the International Construction Economic Forum (ICEF).  The winner will be announced November 20-22 at ICEF ceremonies in Amsterdam, Netherlands.  The five shortlisted entries include the following:

Cognizant Technology Park, Chennai, India – The park is a series of buildings spread across 13.6 acres with an interconnected design featuring covered connected corridors with a comprehensive landscaping theme.

Common amenities include a multi-level car park/cafeteria that serves the entire facility. Design concepts include minimized impervious surface areas to reduce the urban heat island effect. The project was submitted by Larsen & Toubro.

IMAGE BY MARRIOTT
IMAGE BY MARRIOTT

J.W. Marriott Marquis Hotel, Dubai – Brookfield Multiplex was appointed as the main contractor by Emirates Airlines for the Marriott Marquis project in 2007. The hotel features a twin tower complex with an intricate façade design using curved elements and a unique footprint that required innovative approaches and collaboration between designer and contractor. The architect on the project was the Archgroup.

The project was built on an L-shaped plot and at 355 meters breaks the Guinness world record for the tallest dedicated hotel.

Kattupalli Shipyard and Port, Chennai India – Submitted by Larsen & Toubro, the shipyard and port are a state-of-the-art combined ship building and repair facilities. The project, spread over 1200 acres, was built in 34 months despite disruptions caused by three major cyclones.

Major structures include breakwaters, container berths, production shop, ship-lifting platform and a fabrication yard.

The project represented a challenge due to complexity of structures involved, innovative design and execution methodologies, simultaneous execution of dredging and marine construction and benchmark work in village relocation.

The Shard, Central London – Standing at 310 meters, the Shard is the tallest building in Western Europe. The tower features a crystalline façade that has transformed the London skyline. The Shard is a mixed use “vertical town” accommodating more than 8,000 residents and more than 600,000 square feet of office space on 24 floors.

The structure features a 17-story hotel and spa. The structure is crowned with a steel-framed pinnacle adorned with shards of glass that reach into the sky.

The project was developed by Sellar Property, designed by the Renzo Piano Workshop and constructed by the Mace Group.

IMAGE BY LOCO STEVE
IMAGE BY LOCO STEVE

Vidin-Calfat Bridge, Bulgaria – The $360 million New Europe Bridge links Dresden, Germany, Thessaloniki, Greece and Istanbul, Turkey and is the longest bridge over the Danube at two kilometers.

Built by FCC, the bridge construction used innovative measures in longer lasting construction components, saddles for stay cables and precast segmental duct couplers. The new bridge reduces the travel time from Vidin, Bulgaria to Calafat, Romania from three hours to 10 minutes.

The bridge is part of the European Transport Corridor IV.

The ICEF will focus on core themes of trends and forecasts in the global construction industry, project finance, successful project management and delivery, equipment technology and asset management.

Smart GIS Using 3D Maps of Cities

Smart GIS Using 3D Maps of Cities

Smart GIS Using 3D Maps of Cities

Smart GIS Using 3D Maps of Cities

Governments all across the globe lose Millions of dollars due to inefficient operation of city infrastructure and resources, likedamaged roads, illegal construction, disputes on land, power line damages, and city floods during rains and so on. The main problem is about scale—how can a city with limited resource, enforcement and maintenance staff track and monitor every construction site, and every other public infrastructure? They simply can’t monitor everything. Smart GIS techniques can provide accurate and precise solution for this problem. Smart GIS provides an up-to-date, interactive 3D rendering of a city, accurate down to the millimeter.

Many “Smart Cities” in Europe and the US have started creating highly precise & interconnected GIS maps using 3D survey technologies. GIS or Geographic Information Systems use computer-based systems to link maps and databases, creating a relationship between data, location, and information. GIS serves as the information back bone for data-driven smart cities. However, the tools for creating GIS so far, such asHandheld GPS, Satellite Imagery and Static Lasers arenon-spatial,inaccurate, slow and limited in their scale of vision. As an alternative to that, here is a scalable approach to create highly accurate, spatial, fast and sophisticated cloud based 3D-GIS maps, using Smart GIS.

The plan is to overlay multiple layers of data—computed and analyzed on these maps, ultimately connecting it to the various stakeholders of the city. The idea so far is simple—Scan the city, measure it, connect it and manage it!

Nexus of disruptive technologies like distributed computing, deep learning & machine visionalgorithms, cloud computing and advanced laser sensing (LiDAR) enable high resolution—aerial and ground surveys of cities to create highly precise 3-D, point-based, spatial maps. Deep learning techniques can rapidly process peta-bytes of survey data within hours to extract asset information maps.GIS maps, when incorporated with different layers of city data and systems administration frameworks, present a gigantic open door for making various information driven Smart City. With versatile physical LiDAR, the city could have brings about a month and with exact harm information like how profound a walkway split is down to the centimeter. The applications are practically unending from distinguishing illicit building changes and congestion, to post-fiasco harm evaluations, to figuring vitality displaying of constructed environment, to extensive flame hazard appraisals combining external LiDAR scans with city records.

Interfacing mobile terrestrial LiDAR with municipal data is the newest innovation in proactive enforcement and infrastructure management. This innovation will empower urban  cities to cut expenses, recuperate lost income, lessen corruption, build responsibility and convey benefits proactively by increase accountability and deliver services proactively by creating accuracy, efficiency and transparency in the systems. Reference Geoshot for know more contact us.